Peru Travel Guide - Language and Culture

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The diverse culture and languages of Peru

Around 27 million people live in Peru and they are as diverse as the country’s nature and landscape in which they live. Depending on where you live in Peru – the Andean highlands, the Amazon region or along the coast – the language and culture can be very different.

Linguistic diversity

The great cultural heritage of ancient Peru is evident in the amazing variety of indigenous languages ​​in this country. The official language of Peru is Spanish and is spoken by 84% of the population. There are also 47 indigenous languages ​​in Peru, including Quechua and Aymara, spoken by 13% and 1.7% of the population, respectively.

Other languages recognized in the constitution,  such as Quechua, is spoken in many variants in many  different Andean regions, and Aymara, is more commonly used in southern Andes. Shipibo, Asháninka and Aguaruna are spoken by communities in the Amazon region and are only some of Peru’s many indigenous languages.

Leben auf dem Titicaca-See - Top 10 Sehenswürdigkeiten im Hochland Perus
Typisches Bild in den Anden - Sprache und Kultur in Peru

Culture shaped by history

The people in the Andes are very friendly, but can also be extremely patriotic. They truly take pride in being Peruvians. 

The culture of Peru is a reflection of its history – The great Indigenious civilization of the Incas, the Spanish conquest, the struggle for independence..etc. All of these crucial, historical events can also be found in local art, music and folklore. 

The influence of history can also be found in the religions in Peru. Peru is almost entirely Catholic. However, within the practice of Christianity, indigenous cultures and traditions are incorporated. This is evident in the sheer number of festivals, and dancers who move to the sound of the drums, wearing colorful robes and sometimes masks and even war paintings.

Peruvian music is characterized by lovely Andean music with Spanish influences. The most popular instruments include various types of flute and the charango, a kind of mandolin. Music also includes traditional rites and dances like Pinkillada, Llamerada or Kashua.

Through the mixing and overlapping encounters of races and cultures, the result is the production of unique handicrafts. Pottery, textiles and metal processing are enhanced by both the skills of the Incas as well as Spanish and African influences. Today, you will find many creative and artistic work produced in Peru, including jewelry, sweaters and scarves made of alpaca wool and other material. 

Peru Combination Tours

Machu Picchu

2 Days to Machu Picchu

Duration: 2 - 2 days
Highlights:

Visit the famous Inca ruin Machu Picchu

From ,-
Price per pax
Machu Picchu

2-Days to Machu Picchu starting in Urubamba

Duration: 2 - 2 days
Highlights:

Visit the famous Inca ruin Machu Picchu

From 620,- USD
Price per pax

✪ Peru Combination Tours ✪

Machu Picchu

2 Days to Machu Picchu

Duration: 2 - 2 days
Highlights:

Visit the famous Inca ruin Machu Picchu

From ,-
Price per pax
Machu Picchu

2-Days to Machu Picchu starting in Urubamba

Duration: 2 - 2 days
Highlights:

Visit the famous Inca ruin Machu Picchu

From 620,- USD
Price per pax
Machu Picchu

2-Day Machu Picchu Deluxe

Duration: 2 - 2 days
Highlights:

Visit the famous Machu Picchu including overnight at 4-Star Hotel Inkaterra in Aguas Calientes.

From 920,- USD
Price per pax
Rainbow Mountain Peru

Pure Peru: Cusco, Machu Picchu and Lake Titicaca

Duration: 10 - 14 days
Highlights: Lima, Incan capital Cusco, Sacred Valley of the Incas, Pisa indigenous markets, The ruins of Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca, Uros floating islands, Knitting men of Taquile

Culture, nature and history combine in this journey through Peru's gorgeous south

From 1880,- USD
Price per pax
Friendly Locals

Pure Peru: Cusco, Arequipa, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca

Duration: 10 - 13 days
Highlights: Lima, White city, Arequipa, Colca Canyon, Colca Canyon tour, Puno, Lake Titicaca, Uros floating islands, Knitting men of Taquile, Full day expedition to Cusco, Incan capital, Cusco, Sacred Valley of the Incas, Ruins of Ollantaytambo, Pisac indigenous markets, Machu Picchu

Discover the highlights of the Inca country Peru. History, nature and culture await!

From 2090,- USD
Price per pax
Condor

Active Tour Peru

Duration: 11 - 14 days
Highlights:

Experience Peruvian nature and culture in an active and individual way.

From 2520,- USD
Price per pax
Salar de Uyuni

Peru and Bolivia

Duration: 14 - 21 days
Highlights: Cusco , Lake Titicaca, Uyuni, La Paz

Experience the highlights of Peru and Bolivia individually along this wonderful route.

From 3870,- USD
Price per pax
Machu Picchu, Perú

Experience Peru, Ecuador and Galapagos Island Hopping

Duration: 19 - 21 days
Highlights: Colonial old town Lima, Inca capital Cusco, Sacred Inca valley, Machu Picchu, Uros flosting islands, Lake Titicaca, Quito- Cultural World Heritage, Otavalo craft market, Monument to theEquator, Island hopping, San Cristóbal and Santa Cruz, Giant tortoises and land iguanas, Blue-footed boobies and frigatebirds

A curated, comprehensive trip of South America's dream destinations

From 4180,- USD
Price per pax
Revash Mausoleum

The civilisations of Peru: Chachapoyas - Nazcas - Incas

Duration: 22 - 24 days
Highlights: Kuelap, Nazca, Machu Picchu, Uros, Lake Titicaca, Uros floating islands, Knitting men of Taquile, Full day expedition to Cusco, Incan capital, Cusco, Sacred Valley of the Incas, Ruins of Ollantaytambo, Pisac indigenous markets, Machu Picchu

Travel with us to the high cultures of Peru - the Chachapoyas with Kuelap, the Nazca and the Incas

From 4430,- USD
Price per pax
Nazca Lines

Peru Round Trip: Visit Highlights with Rental Car

Duration: 14 - 18 days
Highlights: Nazca, Cusco, Titicaca, Arequipa

Experience Peru with a rental car- a flexible and independent way of discovering Peru

From 4500,- USD
Price per pax
Iguassu Falls

South America with Galapagos Island Hopping

Duration: 20 - 24 days
Highlights: 3 Days in Rio de Janeiro, Sugar and Statue of Christ, Breath-taking Iguassú Waterfall , Tango in Buenos Aires, Lima - Capital of Peru , Cusco - The Capital of the Incas, The unique Machu Picchu , Quito - UNESCO World Heritage , Galapagos as the final destination, Experience the animal paradise

Experience the absolute highlights of South America combined with the Galapagos

From 5450,- USD
Price per pax
Lima old town

Peru Deluxe

Duration: 10 - 12 days
Highlights: Belmond Anden Train, Machu Picchu, Exclusive Trip

Experience the highlights of Peru with Machu Picchu, a train ride to Lake Titicaca and Arequipa.

From 6030,- USD
Price per pax
Kayaking

Highlights of Peru, Ecuador and Galapagos

Duration: 23 - 28 days
Highlights: Inca Trail - Machu Picchu , Amazons, Galapagos, Machu Picchu, Uros floating islands, Titicaca Lake, Quito- Cultural World Heritage, Otavalo handicraft market, Equator Landmark

Explore the Inca trail, kayak through the rainforest and island-hop in Galapagos

From 6140,- USD
Price per pax
Rio de Janeiro

South America Tour with a Galapagos Cruise

Duration: 21 - 25 days
Highlights: Rio de Janeiro, Christ the Redeemer and Sugarloaf, Stunning Iguazu Falls, Tango in Buenos Aires, Lima - the capital of Peru, Inca capital Cusco, Unique Machu Picchu, Quito - UNESCO World Heritage Site, Galapagos cruise

Discover the best of Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Ecuador, and a Galapagos cruise

From 6360,- USD
Price per pax
Hiking along the Inca trail

Active Tour: Peru, Ecuador and Galapagos Island Hopping

Duration: 27 - 30 days
Highlights: Inca trail, Kayak in the Amazon, Island Hopping in the Galapagos , Machu Picchu, Uros floating islands, Titicaca lake, Quito- Cultural World Heritage, Otavalo Handicraft market, Equator Landmark

Hike along the Inca trail, kayak through the Amazon rainforest and island-hop in the Galapagos

From 6730,- USD
Price per pax