The Galapagos Penguin is endemic to the Galapagos Islands and is only found in the northern area of the equator. You can find penguins in the following islands:
- Isabela Island – from South of Puerto Villamil, along with the entire western coast
- Fernandina Island – West
- Bartolomé Island – Central
- Santiago Island – Central
- Floreana Island – South
The Galapagos Penguin is half as big as the Empire Penguin in the Antartic. They can grow up to 53 cm and weigh up to 2.5 Kilo. Currently, there are around 1,500 penguins living in the entire archipelago. The greatest enemy for the penguins is actually the El Niño which warms up the sea, depleting the penguin’s source of food which results in having little or no offsprings for that period.
The feathers on the back of the Galapagos Penguins are dark and white at the front, often with dark streaks. Like the African Penguin, the Galapagos Penguin also has a white border running from behind the eye, around the black ear-coverts and chin, to join on the throat.